Deserts In Kenya
Deserts experience harsh climatic conditions which support minimal plant and animal life. Most plants found in deserts are xerophytes which have special ways of adapting to extreme conditions.
Kenya has two known deserts which are located in very remote areas and are sparsely populated.
Xerophytes have deep spreading roots and waxy and thorny leaves that prevent loss of moisture.
Some have fleshy stems that store water. These features enable the plants to survive for a long without water intake. Common examples of xerophytes include; cactus, acacia, pine, and euphorbia.
1) Nyiri Desert
The Nyiri Desert is also known as Taru Desert or The Nyika. It is located in Southern Kenya, between Amboseli, Tsavo West, and Nairobi National Parks. A great portion of the desert is found in Kajiado County. Its aridity is caused by Mount Kilimanjaro’s rain shadow.
The desert is dotted with large springs, spaced riverbeds, and noticeable game trails. It is also marked by scenic rocky hills, desert soils, gravels, and wildlife such as lesser kudus, impalas, snakes, leopards, giraffes, elephants, and lions.
Nyiri desert offers marvelous opportunities for adventurous safaris, game viewing, nature treks, photography, and camping.
The Chalbi Desert is located in northern Kenya, near the Kenya-Ethiopia border. It is composed of stabilized dunes, and saline and alkaline sediments which are a resulting formation of the old bed of Lake Chalbi. However, Lake Chalbi dried up and formed part of the extensive Chalbi desert.
The desert is dotted by beautiful dunes, inselbergs, ash-grey ridges, and broken clusters of huts. The desert is inhabited by the Gabbra, Rendille, Orma, El Molo, Dasanaach, and Turkana communities.
Chalbi is a perfect destination for desert safaris and adventures. It is a favorable place for camel derbies, nature treks, and photography.